John MacDowall & Sons, Walkinshaw Foundry

Allgemeines

FirmennameJohn MacDowall & Sons, Walkinshaw Foundry
OrtssitzJohnstone (Schottl)
StraßeEnfield Cottage
Art des UnternehmensMaschinenfabrik
AnmerkungenBezeichnet sich 1846 als "John M'Dowall, Engineer & Millwright", Enfield Cottage; dazu die Portland Foundry (s.d.) in Kilmarnock. Um 1869 mit dem Zusatz "Walkinshaw Foundry". Nicht zu verwechseln mit "McDowall Steven & Co." (diese wĂ€hrend der großen Wirtschaftsdepression geschlossen und von "Thomas White & Co." in Paisley ĂŒbernommen); beide Werke waren auf Holzbearbeitungsamschinen spezialisiert, und J. McDowall baute sehr schwere BandsĂ€gen. Teils auch Schreibweise "McDowell". Lt. [www.internationalsteam.co.uk]: 1 Dampfmaschine in Birma. Bei [RĂŒhlmann: Dampfmaschinen im Kgr. Hannover. In: Mitt. Gew.-Verein (1860)] nur "MacDowall" ohne exakte Ortsangabe. Bestand im University of Glasgow Archives Hub (1840-1857). In [VDI-Zeitschr (1873) 448] in Johnstone (Neu-Braunschweig) genannt.
Quellenangaben[Slater's Royal Nat. Comm. Dir. of Scotland (1899) Werbe-Anh.] http://www.scottishironwork.org; Anzeige 21.02.1846 [McLean: Local industries of Glasgow and the west of Scotland (1901) 48]
Hinweise[Institution of Mechanical Engineers (1895) 527]




Unternehmensgeschichte

Zeit Ereignis
1823 GrĂŒndung durch John McDowall, der seine Karriere als Mechaniker in Baumwollfabriken in Johnston, Renfrewshire, begonnen hatte
1834 John McDowall erhĂ€lt Patente auf eine GattersĂ€ge und eine Holzhobelmaschine. Das ist die Grundlage fĂŒr die Spezialisierung auf Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen.
1840 Geburt von James Barr. - Er macht die Lehre bei McDowall und wird spĂ€ter Teilhaber der Söhne des GrĂŒnders, Daniel und Harry McDowall.
1846 Umzug in die Walkinshaw Street
1851 Vertrag zwischen McDowall und McDonald
1856 Vertrag zwischen John McDowall und Mrs J McDowall, geb. Young
12.10.1856 Patent auf eine GattersÀge, die direkt durch eine stehende Dampfmaschine mit unten liegendem Zylinder und Kurbelwelle ganz oben angetrieben wird.
1857 Tod John McDowall. Er hinterlĂ€ĂŸt zwei unmĂŒndige Kinder (Daniel und Harry), und das Unternehmen wird durch TreuhĂ€nder und Betriebsleiter weitergefĂŒhrt.
1875 Nach 18 Jahren TreuhĂ€nderschaft wird Daniel M'Dowall EigentĂŒmer. - Wenige Jahre spĂ€ter kommt sein Bruder, Colonel H. I. M'Dowall, hinzu.
1876 Es werden rd. 200 Maschinen im Wert von 30.000 Pfund hergestellt.
1885 James Barr wird Teilhaber
1892 Tod von Daniel M'Dowall. Seitdem wird das Unternehmen von Colonel M'Dowall und J. Barr gefĂŒhrt.
1908 Tod des Teilhabers James Barr
1929/32 Die wirtschaftliche Depression zwingt zur Liquidation des Unternehmens




Produkte

Produkt ab Bem. bis Bem. Kommentar
BandsĂ€gen          
Dampfkessel 1846 Anzeige 1899 [Slater's Dir. of Scotland]  
Dampfmaschinen 1846 Anzeige 1899 [Slater's Dir. of Scotland] 1899: "engines"
GattersÀgen 1846 Anzeige 1857 Improvment "vertical saw mills". 1857: mit direktem Antrieb durch senkrechte Dampfmaschine
Hobelmaschinen 1846 Anzeige 1846 Anzeige fĂŒr Fußbodenbretter
Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen 1834 erste Patente 1899 [Slater's Dir. of Scotland]  
KreissĂ€gen 1846 Anzeige 1846 Anzeige "circular saw tables". 1869 auch mit direkt im Fuß des Tisches eingebauter Dampfmaschine.
Laufkatzenkrane 1869 [Grace's Guide] 1869 [Grace's Guide] mit Handantrieb
MĂŒhlenbauarbeiten 1846 Anzeige 1846 Anzeige "every description of millwright work"
Transmissionen 1899 [Slater's Dir. of Scotland] 1899 [Slater's Dir. of Scotland] "gearing"
WasserrĂ€der 1846 Anzeige 1846 Anzeige  
Zapfenlochmachinen 1846 Anzeige 1846 Anzeige "for mortising ship blocks"




Personal

Zeit gesamt Arbeiter Angest. Lehrl. Kommentar
1895 150       ĂŒber 150




Firmen-Änderungen, ZusammenschĂŒsse, Teilungen, Beteiligungen


Zeit = 1: Zeitpunkt unbekannt

Zeit Bezug Abfolge andere Firma Kommentar
1 Nebenwerk danach Portland Foundry Gemeinsame Anzeige 1846




Allgemeines

ZEIT1901
THEMABeschreibung
TEXTTo give an idea of the great variety of the work carried on by the firm, it is sufficient to mention that it manufactures over three hundred distinct types of machines, many of which are made in quite a number of sizes. We must refer to the illustrated catalogue issued by the firm for details of the different kinds of machines. It contains machines which are capable of reducing the largest logs or trees to any size of scantling required.
The manufactures of the firm have been, and are continually being, sent to aU parts of the world, with the exception of the United States of America, the excessive tariff of which is quite prohibitive. Machines of the larger type are sent to the timber producing countries of Burmah, Siam, Borneo, Straits Settlements, Queensland, Western Australia, New Zealand, etc., from which countries the firm continually receives orders for large plants, including engines, boilers, gearing, etc. The firm has generally orders on hand for the British and foreign Governments, while in the home trade its name has a reputation second to none amongst the leading shipbuilders, sawmillers, and wood workers of all classes.
The works, which afford employment to over two hundred men, cover two acres of ground, almost every portion of which is occupied by buildings of two or three floors. The firm has twelve machines in the present Glasgow Exhibition, and no doubt a visit to their stall will prove of great interest to engineers, as well as to those directly connected with the wood working industry.
QUELLE[McLean: Local industries of Glasgow and the west of Scotland (1901) 48]


ZEIT1895
THEMABeschreibung
TEXTThe main buildings extend about 300 feet by 200 feet, some of them being two and three storeys high. For some years a portion of the premises was occupied as a foundry; but owing to the pressure of work for the government dockyards about the time of the Crimean war, and to the general development of saw-mill and wood-working machinery, the foundry was converted into an erecting shop, and the castings were procured from other foundries in the town.

In the pattern shop, which is 100 feet long by 40 feet wide, are a number of machines for facilitating the output of work and for show; and in connection with this department are four pattern-stores. The smithy, 150 feet long by 36 feet wide, has six hearths, steam- hammer, and cranes; one end of this building is arranged for stock castings for the lighter portions of the machines. On the ground floor of the turning and planing shop are the usual turning lathes, planing machines, horizontal boring and milling machines, the latter being arranged with large tables for carrying the whole frame-work of machines under construction, thus allowing the various operations to be carried out as for as possible at one setting. Round this shop runs a gallery for turning and planing lighter work; and a continuation of it is occupied as an erecting shop for light machinery.

There are two erecting shops, one fitted with power travelling-crane, and the other with two stationary cranes, while two suitable derrick cranes are provided for the yards.

The work turned out consists of every kind of wood-working machinery for the conversion of the tree or log into various scantlings, and comprises vertical saw-frames for logs and trees up to 5 feet round or square, circular-saw rack-benches for saws up to 78 inches diameter, horizontal and vertical band-sawing machines, and horizontal reciprocating saw-frames for logs; in addition to these there is an endless variety of machines for sawing, planing, moulding, mortising, tenoning, boring, turning, nailing, dove-tailing, &c., for saw mills, shipbuilding yards, railway carriage and wagon factories, joiners, carpenters, engineers, pattern makers, cabinet makers, packing-case makers, wheelwrights, match manufacturers, &c.; the pattern stores contain many hundred varieties. High-class steam engines of the high-pressure, condensing and compound type, with the necessary shafting, gearing, &c., have all along formed a portion of the manufactures, snore especially in connection with driving saw-mill and other wood-working machinery. These have given the most economical results; coal has been dispensed with entirely in many cases where the compound engines have been adopted, the steam being generated by the refuse from the planing machines. To keep down the cost of production, and ensure quick delivery, a large number of machines are made to stock, thus giving an opportunity of inspecting them beforehand.
QUELLE[Institution of Mechanical Engineers (1895) 527]