Todd & Rafferty Machine Co.

Allgemeines

FirmennameTodd & Rafferty Machine Co.
OrtssitzPaterson (N.J.)
StraßeBoudinot Street
Art des UnternehmensMaschinenfabrik
AnmerkungenUm 1859: "Todd, Mackay & Co." mit den Inhabern J. C. Todd, D. Mackay und P. Rafferty, "machinists", in der Boudinot Street zwischen Prospect Street und Mill Street; Joseph C. Todd wohnte in der Boudinot Street 5 und Philip Rafferty in der Marshall Street 93. 1863 bereits unter obiger Firma. 1870: BĂŒro und LagerrĂ€ume in New York: 10 Barclay Street (s.d.). 1870: auch MaschinenhĂ€ndler. Seit vor 1877 unter der Firma "J. C. Todd" (s.d.)
Quellenangaben[Wiley: American iron trade manual (1874) 63] [Scientific American 22 (1870); Anzeige] [Paterson city directory (1859+1863)] [Bishop: History of American manufacturers 3 (1868) 226]




Unternehmensgeschichte

Zeit Ereignis
1848 Die Ursprungsfirma "Todd & Mackey" wird aufgelöst, und Philip Rafferty wird Teilhaber.
04.1855 GrĂŒndung von Todd and Rafferty
1859 Mr. Todd besucht Europa, und ungeachtet der Schwierigkeiten und Hindernisse die bei der EinfĂŒhrung amerikanischer Maschinen auf den europĂ€ischen Markt in den Weg geworfen werden, erzielt er einen deutlichen Triumph, indem er ihre einfĂŒrhung auf nahezu allen wichtigen Seilfabriken in England, Schottland und Irland erreicht.




Produkte

Produkt ab Bem. bis Bem. Kommentar
Dampfkessel 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] Vorgabe: boilers
Dampfmaschinen 1870 Wright's engine 1874 [Wiley: American iron trade (1874)] 1870: "Wright's pat. Variable Cut-off & other engines". 1874: "Steam engines with patent cut-off, both portable and stationary"
Dampfpumpen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige]  
Dampfpumpen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige]  
Flachsmaschinen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1874 [Wiley: American iron trade (1874)] Vorgabe: flax machinery
Hanfverarbeitungsmaschinen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1874 [Wiley: American iron trade (1874)] Vorgabe: hemp machinery
Maschinenbau 1874 [Wiley: American iron trade (1874)] 1874 [Wiley: American iron trade (1874)] Vorgabe: general machinery
Mechaniker-Werkzeuge 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige]  
Regler 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] "Snow's and Judson's Governors" (vmtl. dĂŒr Dampfmaschinen)
Regler 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] "Snow's and Judson's Governors" (vmtl. dĂŒr Dampfmaschinen)
Seilereimaschinen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige]  
Wergmaschinen 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige] 1870 [Scientific American 22 (1870), Anzeige]  




Betriebene Dampfmaschinen

Bezeichnung Bauzeit Hersteller
Dampfmaschine um 1868 unbekannt




Allgemeines

ZEIT1868
THEMAFirmenbeschreibung
TEXTIn Paterson, is the principal establishment in the United States for making Hemp and Rope Machinery. The senior partner of this firm was the pioneer in this country in providing improved machinery for this purpose; and notwithstanding the want of governmental protection to the products of their works, the concern founded by him has achieved a distinguished success, and now supplies the principal Roperies not only of this country, but of Great Britain, Calcutta, and Australia. The buildings comprising the Works cover about two acres of ground, and bear evidence of having been adapted to accommodate the requirements of a growing business. The principal machine shop and erecting room is one hundred and twenty-five feet long, about eighty feet wide, and four stories in height. The blacksmith shop contains a dozen fires, and to this is attached a building devoted especially to the construction of heavy machinery. Here are two large lathes, one capable of turning twenty-two feet in diameter and the other twelve feet. The foundry is of brick, one hundred and twenty feet long and about forty feet wide; and the pattern shop is large and fireproof. Besides these, the firm have probably the most complete boiler shop in the State of New Jersey. It is two hundred feet long, sixty feet wide, and occupies nearly thirty city lots. About twenty-five years ago the senior partner, Mr. Joseph C. Todd, commenced in Paterson the manufacture of machines for spinning Manilla, Russia, and other Hemp into Rope and Cordage. The firm was originally Todd & Mackey, which continued until 1848, when it was dissolved and Mr. Philip Rafferty became a partner. The machines made by them were improved from time to time, until now, it is believed, they are without a rival in the world. A set consisting of one Scutching Machine, one Lapper, two Drawings, and ten Spindles, will spin twelve hundred and fifty pounds of No. 20 Yarn per day, and the product is more uniform in quality and stronger than hand spun rope. A set of these machines may be put up and operated in a room of thirty by forty-five feet, and the whole can be driven by an engine of ten horsepower. These machines have superseded all others heretofore used in the United States and Canada, and have been adopted in the Government Rope Works at Boston. In 1859 Mr. Todd visited Europe, and notwithstanding the difficulties and obstacles thrown in the way of introducing American machinery in the European market, achieved a decided triumph, having secured their introduction into nearly all the principal rope manufactories of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Messrs. Todd & Rafferty have recently perfected a machine for converting Tow into Bale Rope in one operation, and have prepared improved machinery for picking oakum, which is in use at the United States Navy Yard, Brooklyn, and at all the principal manufactories in the United States and in England. Besides this class of machinery, the firm have attained an excellent reputation for building Steam Engines and Boilers. Their Boiler Works, as we have stated, are large and unusually well arranged. The Horizontal Steam Engines manufactured by them are notable for their simplicity, strength, and superior workmanship. The cylinder is cast with a jacket which prevents the condensation of steam, and the pistons are self-adjusting. These Engines are supplied with the Judson or Snow Patent Governor, and valve. Messrs. Todd & Rafferty also manufacture a new Patent Cut-off Engine, and a novel and very effective Portable Engine, the peculiarity consisting in the construction of the bed, which is a hollow box, in which are a series of pipes extending the entire length of the box. Through these the water is forced by the pumps into the boiler, after being highly heated by the exhaust steam, which enters the box at the cylinder end, and escapes through a small pipe at the opposite end into the smoke stack. The crank is made double, and the shaft projects on both sides of the boiler, so as to put the driving pulley on either side, or to use two, if the case requires. One end of the piston-rod acts as the pump-plunger, the pump setting between the two connecting rods, each of which takes hold of one end of the brass around the wrist of the crank, thus making the crank bearing seven and a half inches long. About three hundred and fifty hands are generally employed in these Works, and sometimes as many as five hundred.
QUELLE[Bishop: History of American manufacturers 3 (1868) 226]